Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne viral disease. It is widespread in many continents, particularly Africa, Asia and the Indian subcontinent. It has also been reported in parts of the Americas and some European countries, including Italy and France. Most epidemics occur during the rainy season. According to WHO, as of January 2015, over 1,135,000 suspected cases of Chikungunya have been recorded in the Caribbean islands, Latin American countries and the USA.

Symptoms

Fever and rapid onset of severe joint pains. Other symptoms can include headache, muscle pains, skin rash, fatigue and nausea. Infections without any symptoms are extremely rare.

1. How do you catch it?
  • Infected daytime-biting mosquitos transmit the virus. Peak times tend to be early morning and late afternoon or around dawn and dusk.
2. Who gets it?
  • People of all ages are generally at risk.
  • People at risk for more severe disease include new born babies exposed during delivery, adults aged over 65 years old and people with underlying medical conditions.
3. Prevention? Avoid getting bit…

The best way to prevent Chikungunya is to protect yourself from mosquito bites! This can be achieved through use of an effective insect repellent as well as wearing long, loose-fitting clothing. Stick to long sleeved shirts and pants during peak hours.

4. Vaccination options

There is currently no vaccine available to prevent Chikungunya. Prevention is only achievable through avoiding mosquito bites.

5. At risk destinations

Chikungunya is endemic in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Pacific Region and in the (sub)
tropical regions of the Americas. Chikungunya has caused numerous epidemics in Africa and Asia.

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